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Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (2016=100) –January, 2021 depicts downward trend

  1. All-India Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (2016=100) for January, 2021 decreased to 118.2 points compared to 118.8 points for December, 2020.
  2. In percentage terms, it went down by 0.51% w.r.t. previous month mainly due to Food & Beverages items having a share of 39.17% in the total weight which recorded a fall of 1.92% between these two months. During the period, decrease in prices of food items viz. Rice, Wheat Atta, Arhar Dal, Poultry (Chicken), Eggs-Hen, Banana, Brinjal, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Chilies Green, Garlic, Ginger, Onion, Peas, Potato, Tomato, Employees State Insurance Contribution, etc. had greater impact.
  3. Year-on-year inflation for the month stood at 3.15 per cent compared to 3.67 per cent for the previous month and 7.49 per cent during the corresponding month of the previous year. Similarly, Food inflation stood at 2.38 per cent against 2.89 per cent of the previous month and 10.61 per cent during the corresponding month a year ago.

The All-India CPI-IW for January, 2021decreased by 0.6 points and stood at 118.2 (one hundredeighteen and point two). On 1-month percentage change, it decreased by 0.51with respect to previous month whereas no changewas observed between corresponding months a year ago.

The maximum downward pressure in current index came from Food & Beverages group contributing 0.90 percentage points to the total change. At item level, Rice, Wheat Atta, Arhar Dal, Poultry (Chicken), Eggs-Hen, Banana, Brinjal, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Chilies Green, Garlic, Ginger, Onion, Peas, Potato, Tomato,Employees State Insurance Contribution, etc. are responsible for the decline in index. However, this decline was checked byHousing and Fuel & Light groups with a contribution of 0.29 &0.22 points respectively with items like House Rent, Cooking Gas, Petrol, etc. putting upward pressure on the index.

At centre level,Jalpaigurirecorded the maximum decreaseof 6.0points followed by Biswanath-Charialiwith 4.5 points. Among others,between 3.0 to 3.7 points decline was observed in 5centres,2.2 to 2.9 points in 9centres,1.2 to 1.9 points in 12centres and 0.1 to 0.9 points in 33centres. On the contrary, Coonoor recorded a maximum increase of 2.7 points. Among others, 1.0 to 1.6 pointsrise was observed in7centres and 0.1 to 0.8 points in 17centres.Rest of 2centres’ indices remained stationary.

Year-on-year inflation for the month stood at 3.15 per cent compared to 3.67 per cent for the previous month and 7.49 per cent during the corresponding month of the previous year. Similarly, Food inflation stood at 2.38per cent against 2.89per cent of the previous month and 10.61 per cent during the corresponding month a year ago.

Y-o-Y Inflation based on CPI-IW (Food and General)

All-India Group-wise CPI-IW for December, 2020and January, 2021

Sr. No. Groups Dec2020 Jan2021
I Food & Beverages 119.7 117.4
II Pan, Supari, Tobacco & Intoxicants 133.3 134.4
III Clothing & Footwear 117.6 117.8
IV Housing 113.5* 115.2
V Fuel & Light 132.4 136.4
VI Miscellaneous 117.6 116.9
  General Index 118.8 118.2

 

*Rounded upfrom second decimal place.

 

CPI-IW: Groups Indices

 

Speaking about the latest index, Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and EmploymentShri Santosh Gangwar said the fall in inflation reported during January, 2021 is mainly due to fall in prices of vegetables observed on account of abundant supply in markets.He said, the fall in inflation would imply more purchasing power in the hands of working class families.

Director General of Labour BureauShri DPS Negi said,the fall in index and in inflation rate are in line with other price indices compiled and released by other Government agencies.He said that this fall is mainly attributable to Food & Beverages group contributing (-) 0.90 percentage points to the total change. Decline in prices of items viz., Rice, Wheat Atta, Arhar Dal, Poultry (Chicken), Eggs-Hen, Banana, Brinjal, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Chilies Green, Garlic, Ginger, Onion, Peas, Potato, Tomato, Employees State Insurance Contribution, etc. are responsible for the decline in index, he added.

The next issue of CPI-IW for the month of February, 2021 will be released on Wednesday31stMarch, 2021. The same will also be available on the official website www.labourbureaunew.gov.in.

TheLabour Bureau, an attached office of the M/o Labour& Employment, compiles Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers every month on the basis ofretail prices collected from 317 markets spread over 88 industrially important centresin the country. The index is compiled for 88 centres and All-India and is released on the last working day of succeeding month.

 

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