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Steel Production and Export 

Export and import are dynamic situation which keep fluctuating based on factors like cost of raw material, exchange rate, domestic demand, international price of steel, inventory stocking/destocking, demand in global market and competitiveness.

India’s exports declined by 23.1 percent to 0.598 million tonnes as shown under:


Total Finished Steel (alloy/stainless+ non-alloy) Export (mt)
Year Qty %change over last year
October 2018* 0.598 -23.1
Source: JPC  prov*


India should cut down it’s dependence on imports for special steel products by encouraging the domestic manufacturing of such products.However, steel is a deregulated sector and forming of joint venture for technology up-gradation is a purely commercial decision which depends on many aspects.

Despite being the world’s second largest producer of steel, India is still dependent on imports of special and value added steel products and there is a need to develop domestic capabilities to produce electrical grade and auto grade steel to become self-sufficient. Government is working towards the same.

Recently, SAIL and Arcelor Mittal have firmed up their Joint Venture (JV) term sheet to enter into an agreement for setting up of a plant for production of automotive grade of steel. That should take care of one segment of imports to some extent.  There has also been a tie up of Tata Steel and Thyssenkrupp (who specialize in developing electrical grade of steel), which will help for electrical steels. Steel Research & Technology Mission of India (SRTMI) has also been set-up to undertake Research & Development projects for the betterment of steel sector.

Details of the total capacity of the steel production and quantum of steel produced during 2017-18in the countryis given below:



  (‘000t) (‘000t)
State Capacity Production
Arunachal Pradesh 74 62
Assam 314 229
Bihar 1138 703
Jharkhand 19995 17113
Meghalaya 185 74
Odisha 27239 16968
Tripura 30 20
West Bengal 10128 7840
Chhattisgarh 16464 13033
Dadra And Nagar Haveli 291 246
Daman And Diu 41 33
Goa 509 345
Gujarat 12337 8260
Madhya Pradesh 170 144
Maharashtra 10884 8457
Delhi 14 12
Haryana 931 806
Himachal Pradesh 698 458
Jammu And Kashmir 187 130
Punjab 3878 2779
Rajasthan 1093 793
Uttar Pradesh 1245 1001
Uttarakhand 604 438
Andhra Pradesh 8205 6156
Karnataka 14266 12766
Kerala 622 336
Puducherry 343 162
Tamil Nadu 4316 2699
Telangana 1774 1070
Total 137975 103131
Source: JPC



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