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Production, Supply and Import of Coal 

As per International Energy Agency (IEA), India was the third largest coal producer in the world during 2016-17.

 There is no shortage of coal in the Country. As on 1.04.2018 the vendible stock of coal was 55.6 MT and as on 15.12.2018 coal stock was 22.93 MT with CIL.  All India raw coal production has increased from 565.77 MT in 2013-14 to 676.48 MT in 2017-18. The all India coal production during April-Nov. 2018 was 433.90 MT with a growth of 9.8% over the corresponding period of the previous year 2017-18.

The all India demand of coal,  production,  supply and import of coal by Coal India Limited (CIL) and its subsidiaries during last three years and current year i.e. 2018 upto November, 2018 is given below:-


Year 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Total demand (Mte)$ 822.36 884.87 908.40 991.35
Total domestic Production (Mte) 639.23 657.87 676.48 433.90@
Total domestic Supply (Mte) 632.44 644.56 691.42 471.70@
Total Import (Mte) 203.95 190.95 208.27 111.60#
Import by CIL (Mte) 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.00
$ All India Estimated by NitiAayog   @ Upto November, 2018    # upto September, 2018

Subsidiary-wise and State-wise raw coal production of Coal India Limited during each of the last three years and current year is given below:

(in Million Tonnes)

Sub.Co. STATE 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
(April-Nov.) Prov.
ECL West Bengal 21.161 23.583 25.605 16.927  
Jharkhand 19.047 16.934 17.964 11.442  
ECL TOTAL 40.209 40.517 43.568 28.369  
BCCL West Bengal 2.557 2.142 1.381 0.802  
Jharkhand 33.304 34.895 31.226 18.118  
BCCL TOTAL 35.861 37.037 32.607 18.920  
CCL Jharkhand 61.324 67.047 63.405 34.948  
NCL Uttar Pradesh 12.689 16.056 18.309 12.803  
Madhya Pradesh 67.535 68.040 74.709 52.824  
NCL TOTAL 80.224 84.096 93.018 65.627  
WCL Madhya Pradesh 6.629 5.226 4.446 2.453  
Maharastra 38.187 40.406 41.774 24.093  
WCL TOTAL 44.815 45.632 46.220 26.546  
SECL Madhya Pradesh 13.728 11.925 12.106 7.743  
Chhattisgarh 124.206 128.078 132.603 90.491  
SECL TOTAL 137.934 140.003 144.708 98.234  
MCL Odisha 137.901 139.208 143.058 85.333  
NEC Assam 0.486 0.600 0.781 0.348  
CIL 538.754 554.140 567.365 358.325  


Under the provisions of the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act. 2015 and Rules made thereunder, so far 25 coal mines (24 to private companies and 1 to a Government Company) have been allocated through Electronic Auction till date. The methodology for auction of coal mines / blocks for sale of coal under the provisions of the CM (SP) Act, 2015 and the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957  [MM(DR) Act, 1957] has been approved by the Government and Order in this regard has been issued on 27.2.2018.

As per the current import policy, coal is kept under Open General License (OGL) and consumers are free to import coal from the source of their choice as per their contractual prices on payment of applicable duty. There has been a consistent effort to increase domestic coal production so as to reduce dependence on coal imports. The all India raw coal production has increased from 565.77 MT in 2013-14 to 676.48 MT in 2017-18. Absolute increase in all India coal production from 2013-14 to 2017-18 (four years) is 110.71 MT as compared to increase of coal production of 33.73 MT from 2009-10 to 2013-14 (four years).

Coal India Limited (CIL) has also increased its production from 462.41 MT in 2013-14 to 567.36 MT in 2017-18 (four years), an absolute increase of 105 MT as compared to increase of coal production of 31.15 MT between 2009-10 and 2013-14 (four years).

Further, in the current year during April-November, 2018, all India coal production was 433.90 MT with a growth rate of 9.8% and coal production of CIL was 358.32 MT with a growth rate of 8.8% over the corresponding period of previous year.

However, coking coal will continue to be imported as there is limited availability of coking coal in the country. Further, power plants designed on imported coal will also continue to import coal.

This information was given by the Minister of Coal & Railways, Shri Piyush Goyal in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.

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