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Impact of GST on Apparel Sector 

GST rates for garments and made up articles is 5% of sale value not exceeding Rs. 1000 per piece and 12% for articles of sale value exceeding Rs. 1000 per piece. The GST rates are lesser than the pre-GST incidence of taxes on these goods. To reduce the cost of garment industry, GST rate on manmade fibre yarns has been reduced from 18% to 12%. Further, the refund of accumulated input tax credit on fabrics has also been allowed to reduce cost of fabrics which is a major input for garments.

As per the data of Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics, export of textile and apparel including handicrafts has increased by 0.2% from USD 40.1 billion in 2014-15 to USD 40.4 billion in 2018-19. Increase in imports is primarily due to increase in imports of MMF and cotton textiles.

As per the data of Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics, product-wiseexports of textile and apparel products to US and European countries during last three years are as follows:

European Union (in USD mn) USA(in USD mn)
Category 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Fibre 223 250 233 117 122 103
Yarn 624 660 639 92 94 122
Fabric 395 389 371 299 323 387
Apparel 6,095 6,414 6,200 3,748 3,865 4,166
Carpets 572 507 470 824 848 925
Made ups 1,191 1,332 1,376 2,397 2,391 2,473
Others 167 180 174 97 103 121
Total 9,267 9,732 9,463 7,574 7,746 8,297

To increase competitiveness of textile industry, Government announced a Special Package for garments and made-ups sectors. The package offers Rebate of State Levies (RoSL), labour law reforms, additional incentives under Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS) and relaxation of Section 80JJAA of Income Tax Act. The RoSL scheme has been replaced by the new RoSCTL (Rebate of State and Central Taxes and Levies) scheme from 7th March 2019 and will remain in force up to 31.3.2020. The rates under Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (MEIS) have been enhanced from 2% to 4% for garment and made-ups, 5% to 7% for handloom and handicrafts from 1st November 2017.

Products such as fibre, yarn and fabric in the textile value chain are being strengthened and made competitive through various schemes-Powertex for fabric segment, ATUFS for all segments except spinning and Scheme for Integrated Textile Parks (SITP) for all segments. Assistance is also provided to exporters under Market Access Initiative (MAI) Scheme.

Government has enhanced interest equalization rate for pre and post shipment credit for exports done by MSMEs of textile sector from 3% to 5% from2.11.2018. Benefits of Interest Equalization Scheme has been extended to merchant exporters from 2.01.2019 which was earlier limited to only manufacturer exporters.

To contain increase in imports of textile and apparel, Government increased Basic Customs Duty on 504 lines comprising apparel, carpets, fabric, madeups and others from 10% to 20%.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Textiles, SmritiZubinIrani, in written replies in the Rajya Sabha

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